|Gentlemen are "to be meanly seene in the play at Chestes", says the overview at the beginning of 's 1528, English 1561 by Sir Thomas Hoby , but chess should not be a gentleman's main passion
|New York: Courier Dover Publications
|There are also several ways a game can end in a
|Examples of pawn moves: left ; right When a pawn makes a two-step advance from its starting position and there is an opponent's pawn on a square next to the destination square on an adjacent file, then the opponent's pawn can capture it en passant "in passing" , moving to the square the pawn passed over
Many schools host chess clubs, and there are many scholastic tournaments specifically for children.30
|The replaced the earlier chess piece toward the end of the 10th century and by the 15th century had become the most powerful piece; in light of that, modern chess was often referred to at the time as "Queen's Chess" or "Mad Queen Chess"
|In this situation, either player can claim a draw; this requires the players to keep a valid written record of the game so that the claim can be verified by the arbiter if challenged
|The current World Champion is of Norway
|allow people to find and play opponents worldwide
Chess was occasionally criticized in the 19th century as a waste of time.